Texture and Layering: Adding Depth and Visual Interest to Interior Design

Think Interior
6 min readMay 7, 2024

Interior design is a multifaceted art where color, shape, form, and function all play pivotal roles in shaping the ambiance of a space. Among these essential elements, texture and layering often serve as unsung heroes, quietly transforming a room’s visual and tactile experiences.

You can learn about “Texture and Layering: Adding Depth and Visual Interest to Interior Design” through an interior design course. In exploring texture and layering in interior design, we delve into their significance, the various types of surfaces, the art of layering for added depth, and how individuals can learn and develop these skills to craft captivating interior spaces.

The Significance of Texture

Texture is the unspoken language of interior design, an influential implement designers use to convey emotions, narratives, and aesthetics within a space. The subtlety transforms a room from a mere arrangement of furniture and colors into a multisensory experience. Tactile and visual texture profoundly shape the mood, character, and depth of an interior environment.

Tactile textures invite touch and interaction. They include the warmth of a wooden floor underfoot, the inviting softness of a plush sofa, or the excellent, smooth surface of marble. These textures engage our sense of touch, making us feel more connected to the space and objects. Tactile textures can turn a cold, sterile room into a cozy sanctuary, fostering a sense of comfort and homeliness.

On the other hand, visual textures are textures that we perceive with our eyes. They encompass patterns, finishes, and the interplay of light and shadow. Visual textures add interest, depth, and intrigue to a room. Think of the intricate ways in a Moroccan tile, the rough and earthy appearance of exposed brick, or the shimmering gloss of a glass surface. Visual textures tell stories, introduce contrast, and create a play of elements that capture the eye.

In the empire of interior design, understanding the significance of texture is crucial. It allows inventors to make informed decisions about materials, finishes, and furnishings, creating spaces that evoke desired emotions and atmospheres. The careful selection of textures can elevate a design, from establishing a cozy, rustic feel in a farmhouse kitchen to adding a touch of luxury and sophistication in a contemporary living room. Texture is the brushstroke that completes the canvas, making interior design a multisensory art.

Types of Texture

Texture in interior design is diverse, offering designers various options to create unique and captivating spaces. These textures can be broadly categorized into two main types: tactile and visual.

Tactile Texture

Tactile textures are textures that you can physically feel through touch. They engage your sense of touch, providing a sensory experience that adds depth and interest to a space. Some examples of tactile textures include:

Soft and Cozy

Textiles like plush carpets, velvety sofas, and fluffy throw pillows introduce softness and comfort into a room.

Rough and Rugged

Materials like exposed brick, stone, or distressed wood surfaces create a rough, rustic texture that can add character and a sense of history to a space.

Sleek and Smooth

Surfaces like glass, polished metal, or glossy ceramics provide a smooth and excellent texture, often associated with modern and minimalist designs.

Warm and Organic

Natural materials like wood, bamboo, and cork add warmth and a tactile connection to nature.

Visual Texture

Visual textures are textures that are perceived through sight rather than touch. Patterns, finishes, and the interplay of light and shadow often create them. Visual textures can add depth, intrigue, and visual interest to a room. Some examples of visual textures include:

Patterned Textiles

Fabrics with patterns like stripes, florals, or geometric designs create a visual texture that energizes or calms a space.

Faux Finishes

Techniques like faux wood, faux stone, or faux concrete finishes provide the visual texture of these materials without the tactile qualities.

Embossed or Textured Wallpapers

Wallpapers with raised patterns or textures can add wisdom and interest to a room, creating a dynamic visual experience.

Shiny and Reflective Surfaces

Highly polished materials like mirrors, metallics, or glossy paints create a reflective visual texture that can enhance the play of light and shadow.

In interior design, the skill lies in the artful combination and contrast of these tactile and visual textures to craft harmonious, inviting, and visually engaging spaces. Texture is a powerful tool that designers use to convey themes, styles, and emotions within a room. Understanding how different textures work together is essential for creating artistically pleasing and sensorily captivating spaces.

Layering for Depth

Layering is a fundamental technique in interior design that allows designers to add depth, dimension, and visual interest to a space. It’s akin to painting a canvas with various brushstrokes, each layer contributing to the richness and complexity of the final composition. Layering combines materials, textures, colors, patterns, and furnishings in interior design to form a calm and visually engaging environment. Here’s how layering works:

Contrast and Balance

Layering introduces contrast and balance into a room. Designers create visual tension and interest by combining contrasting elements, such as a rough-textured rug against a smooth, polished coffee table or a bold, patterned accent wall against neutral furnishings.

Variety of Materials

Layering often involves the use of various materials and finishes. For example, a room might feature a combination of natural wood, metal, glass, and textiles. These materials can be chosen for their tactile qualities and visual appeal, contributing to the overall textural depth of the space.

Mixing Textures

Tactile textures, such as soft fabrics, rough stone, or plush upholstery, can be layered to engage the sense of touch. The careful juxtaposition of these textures adds a sensory dimension to the space, making it more inviting and comfortable.

Patterns and Prints

Layering patterns and prints through textiles, wallpapers, or decorative accessories can introduce complexity and depth. Mixing patterns like stripes, florals, and geometric designs can create a visually engaging atmosphere.

Light and Shadow

Layering doesn’t only apply to physical elements but also to the interplay of light and shadow. The planned placement of lighting fixtures, such as ambient, task, and accent lighting, can cast shadows and highlights that add depth to the room.

Furniture Arrangement

Arranging furniture in layers, rather than pushing everything against the walls, can create depth by defining different functional zones within a room. It can make the space more dynamic and exciting.

Accessories and Art

Layering extends to the placement of accessories and art. Objects like sculptures, vases, and artwork can be strategically arranged to enhance the sense of depth within a room.

Layering is a skill that requires an understanding of design ideologies and a keen eye for balance and harmony. When executed effectively, it can transform a space from two-dimensional to three-dimensional, making it visually captivating and emotionally engaging. Interior designers use layering as a versatile tool to create inviting, harmonious, and dynamic environments that tell a story and engage all the senses.

Learning and Skill Development

To become proficient in using texture and layering in interior design, individuals have various learning opportunities. Interior design and landscaping courses and workshops offer structured education on the principles and practical application of texture and layering. These courses provide insights into how to select and harmonize textures, offering both tactile and visual variety. Real-world design projects and experimentation further enhance skills and understanding. Additionally, staying updated with design trends and engaging with the design community are vital for continuous learning and improvement.


Texture and layering are integral elements in the world of interior design. They play a pivotal role in shaping a space’s ambiance and visual appeal. As aspiring designers seek to master the art of texture and layering, they discover the transformative power of these elements, bringing depth and visual interest to the environments they create. Whether through formal education, hands-on experience, or the continuous exploration of design, understanding texture and layering is a journey that leads to the crafting of captivating and harmonious interior spaces.



Think Interior

Think Interior provides you with the highest standards of education in interior design to enhance your ability of creating ideas.