Minimalist Design: Designing Spaces that Emphasize Functionality, Simplicity, and Cleanliness

Think Interior
6 min readApr 25, 2023

Minimalist design is a popular interior style emphasizing simplicity, functionality, and cleanliness. This design style has become increasingly popular in recent years as people look to simplify their lives and focus on what is truly important. Minimalism is not just a design style but a lifestyle choice that involves living with less and enjoying more.

When designing a minimalist space, the focus should be on creating a sense of calm and order. The key is to use a limited color palette, simple forms, and clean lines to create an uncluttered and serene environment.

You can learn about minimalist design principles and techniques through an interior design academy. Here are some guidelines for designing a minimalist space:

Focus on Functionality

In a minimalist space, everything should serve a purpose. Avoid decorative items with no practical function; choose beautiful and useful items. For example, a simple, well-designed chair can be functional and aesthetically pleasing.

Minimalist design is all about focusing on functionality. When designing a minimalist space, the first thing to consider is how the space will be used. The space should be designed to serve its intended purpose in the most efficient way possible. It means eliminating unnecessary features or design elements that don’t serve a practical function.

For example, in a minimalist kitchen, every cabinet and drawer should be designed to maximize storage space and ease of use. No extraneous decoration or ornamental features should serve no practical purpose. The same goes for a minimalist home office, where every desk, shelf, and storage unit should be carefully designed to maximize productivity and minimize distractions.

By focusing on functionality, the minimalist design creates visually appealing, highly efficient, and practical spaces.

Please Keep it Simple

The key to a minimalist space is to keep things simple. Avoid overly ornate or complicated designs; choose simple forms and clean lines. Use neutral colors and avoid bold patterns or prints.

Keeping it simple is a key value of minimalist design. Minimalism is all about eliminating the unnecessary and focusing on what’s essential. The idea is to create clean, uncluttered, and calming spaces. In minimalist design, every element has a purpose; nothing is added just for decoration.

To achieve a simple and uncluttered look, start by reducing the number of items in the room. Remove anything that isn’t essential or doesn’t add value to the space. It can include excess furniture, decorative items, or even some accessories. The goal is to form a clean and functional space.

In terms of color, please keep it simple by sticking to a neutral color palette. White, beige, and gray are current choices for minimalist design. These colors create a sense of calm and cleanliness. You can add pops of color through accessories or artwork, but keep it to a minimum to avoid cluttering the space.

In terms of furniture, choose functional pieces with a purpose. Multi-functional pieces are ideal, such as a storage ottoman that can also be used as a coffee table. Avoid furniture with elaborate designs or intricate details that can detract from the simplicity of the space.

Emphasize Cleanliness

A minimalist space should always be clean and well-maintained. It means keeping surfaces free of clutter and using storage solutions to hide away any items that are not in use. Regular cleaning is essential to maintain a sense of calm and order.

Emphasizing cleanliness is one of the key principles of minimalist design. It means that every aspect of the space, from the furniture to the decor, should be easy to clean and maintain. It can be achieved by using simple, smooth surfaces that are easy to wipe down and keep clutter-free.

One way to emphasize cleanliness in a minimalist space is by incorporating plenty of storage options. Having designated places for everything, whether books, clothing, or kitchen appliances, will help prevent clutter from accumulating on surfaces and making the space look messy.

Another way to emphasize cleanliness is by choosing materials and finishes that are easy to clean. For example, using hardwood or tile flooring instead of carpet can make cleaning up spills and stains easier. Similarly, choosing smooth, glossy finishes for countertops and cabinetry can make them easier to wipe down and keep clean.

Finally, it’s important to remember that cleanliness isn’t just about the physical appearance of the space. It’s also about the air quality and overall health of the environment. Incorporating air-purifying plants or a quality air filter can help keep the space healthy and pollutant-free.

Use Natural Materials

Natural materials can add warmth and texture to a minimalist space. These materials are also durable and long lasting, making them a sustainable environmental choice.

Using natural materials can make a big impact when creating a minimalist space. These materials can add warmth, texture, and interest to a space without overwhelming it with too much visual clutter.

Consider using wood, stone, or natural fibers such as linen or cotton. These durable materials can last long, making them a sustainable choice. Additionally, they can be used in various ways, from furniture to decor items, to create a cohesive look throughout the space.

When selecting natural materials, choosing those that fit the space’s overall aesthetic is important. For example, a rustic wood table may be perfect for a cozy, cabin-inspired space, while a sleek marble countertop may be more fitting in a modern, minimalist kitchen.

Using natural materials also provides an opportunity to bring the outdoors inside. Consider incorporating indoor plants, fresh flowers, or a natural wood accent wall to add a touch of nature to your space. It enhances the space’s overall aesthetic and can positively impact your well-being by bringing a sense of calm and serenity.

Incorporate Light

Natural light is an important aspect of minimalist design, as it helps to create a sense of space and openness. Use large windows and skylights to maximize natural light, and avoid heavy drapes or window treatments that block out the light.

Incorporating light is an essential aspect of minimalist design. Natural light should be maximized by allowing as much natural light to enter the space as possible. It can be achieved using large windows, skylights, and glass doors.

In addition to natural light, artificial lighting should be considered to enhance the space. Use light fixtures that are simple in design and have clean lines. Recessed and track lighting are great options for minimalist spaces, providing ample light without being obtrusive.

It’s also important to consider the color temperature of the light used in the space. Warmer, softer light is typically preferred in living spaces, while cooler, brighter light is more suited to task-oriented areas like the kitchen and bathroom.

Regarding light fixtures, less is often more in minimalist design. A single statement piece, like a pendant light or a simple chandelier, can make a big impact without overwhelming the space.

Choose Quality Over Quantity

When designing a minimalist space, focusing on quality over quantity is important. Invest in high-quality items that will last for years rather than buying cheap, disposable items that must be replaced frequently.

Choosing quality over quantity is an essential aspect of minimalist design. This design approach creates an uncluttered, functional, and visually appealing space with only the necessary items. Therefore, investing in high-quality pieces that will last longer is crucial rather than buying cheap and low-quality items that need to be replaced frequently.

When selecting furniture, consider the materials, construction, and durability. Choose timeless, versatile pieces that blend well with different styles and serve multiple purposes. For instance, a sleek sofa with clean lines and simple shapes can be paired with minimal decor items and still look elegant.

Investing in high-quality and durable materials for your flooring, such as hardwood or tile, will also add value to your minimalist space. These materials are easy to clean, long-lasting, and have a classic appearance that complements the minimalist aesthetic.


Minimalist design is a design style that emphasizes simplicity, functionality, and cleanliness. Focusing on these key elements creates a beautiful, practical space promoting calm and order. To learn more about minimalist design, consider taking an interior design course focusing on this style.

By enrolling in colleges with interior design courses, you can learn how to create simple yet functional spaces that promote efficiency, cleanliness, and well-being.



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