Fabrics and Upholstery: A Guide to Choosing and Maintaining Quality Materials

Think Interior
6 min readMar 2, 2023

When decorating your home, fabrics, and upholstery are crucial in creating a warm and inviting space. They add color, texture, and pattern to your furniture, windows, and floors. Choosing quality fabrics and upholstery enhances your home’s aesthetics and ensures longevity and comfort.

Learning about fabrics and upholstery through an interior design academy is possible. Many programs and courses offer modules that cover selecting and maintaining quality materials and the practical skills needed for upholstery work. Some courses may also include internships or apprenticeships, allowing you to gain hands-on experience in the field. This article will guide you through choosing and maintaining quality fabrics and upholstery for your home.

Choose the Right Fabric for the Intended Use

Before selecting a fabric or upholstery material, consider the item’s intended use. For example, upholstery on a sofa or chair should be long-lasting and impervious to wear and tear, whereas a curtain or drapery can be lighter. Also, consider the level of traffic in the room where the item will be used. For high-traffic areas, choose fabrics that are durable and easy to clean. When choosing fabrics and upholstery, it’s essential to consider the item’s intended use. Different fabrics have varying levels of durability, and some may be better suited for certain types of furniture or environments than others. For example, a sofa in a family room with heavy use may require a more durable, stain-resistant fabric than an accent chair in a formal living room.

There are a few features to consider when selecting the suitable fabric for the intended use. First, consider the material itself. Natural fabrics like cotton and linen are breathable and lightweight but may not be as durable as synthetic materials like polyester and nylon. Wool and leather are durable and attractive options but may be more expensive.

Look for Quality Materials

Invest in quality fabrics and upholstery materials that are designed to last. Higher-quality materials often come with more labels, but they have cost savings. Look for fabrics made from natural fibers like cotton, linen, or wool, which are breathable, durable, and easy to clean. Synthetic materials like polyester can be durable but may not have the same level of breath ability. Regarding fabrics and upholstery, looking for quality materials to position the check period is essential. Quality materials look better and are more durable and easier to maintain.

One way to identify quality materials is to look for natural fibers like cotton, wool, silk, and linen. These materials tend to be extra breathable and relaxed than synthetic materials and can also be more durable if cared for properly. Another critical factor to consider is the thread count or the number of threads woven into a square inch of fabric. Higher thread counts generally indicate a more tightly-woven, higher-quality fabric.

Consider the Color and Pattern

Fabrics and upholstery can add color, pattern, and texture to your space. When choosing a color and pattern, consider the room’s overall color scheme and choose fabrics that complement it. Solid colors or subtle patterns are versatile and can be used in various spaces, while bold patterns can make a statement and add visual interest. Color and pattern play a significant role in a space’s overall look and feel, and choosing suitable fabrics and upholstery can help tie everything together. When selecting fabrics, consider the existing color scheme of your room, as well as any patterns or textures you want to incorporate. If your space already has a bold color or pattern, consider using a more neutral fabric for your upholstery to balance things out. On the other hand, if your space is relatively neutral, you can use fabrics with brighter colors or bolder patterns to add some interest and personality.

When mixing patterns, it’s essential to balance larger prints with smaller ones and to use complementary colors and textures. Too many competing patterns or colors can be overwhelming, so it’s crucial to maintain a sense of cohesion.

Maintenance and Cleaning

Proper maintenance and cleaning are essential to ensure the longevity of your fabrics and upholstery. Vacuum your upholstered furniture regularly to remove dust and debris. Use a fabric protector to prevent spills and stains, and clean up any spills immediately. If a spill occurs, blot it with a clean, white cloth and avoid rubbing the stain, as it can spread further. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions when cleaning your fabrics and upholstery, and avoid using harsh chemicals or bleach. Proper maintenance and cleaning are essential for keeping your fabrics and upholstery looking their best and extending their lifespan. Regularly vacuuming your upholstery can help prevent dirt and dust from settling into the fibers. If a spill does occur, blot it immediately with a clean, dry cloth. Avoid irritation of the color, which can impulse it further into the fabric. Be sure to follow the care instructions provided by the manufacturer. It may involve using a specific cleaning solution or avoiding certain cleaning methods. Consider using a cloth shield to help prevent spills and stains from penetrating the fabric. It can also make cleaning up spills easier.

Simple Furniture

When selecting upholstery, consider the design and construction of the furniture piece. A piece with clean, straight lines may look best with a smooth, simple fabric, while a more ornate piece may benefit from a patterned or textured material. When choosing furniture for your space, it’s essential to consider the fabrics and upholstery used on the pieces. However, the furniture should also be carefully selected to complement the fabrics and provide a cohesive look. In contemporary design, simple and minimalist furniture is often favored to create a clean, uncluttered look. Look for pieces with clean lines, geometric shapes, and neutral colors. Avoid ornate or overly decorative furniture that can clash with the fabrics and patterns in the space. You can create a blank canvas for your fabrics and upholstery to shine and take center stage by selecting simple furniture. Additionally, simple furniture tends to be more timeless and versatile, allowing you to easily update the space with new fabrics or accessories without replacing the furniture.


When selecting fabrics and upholstery, consider the level of durability needed for the intended use. For example, a heavily-used sofa may require a more durable, stain-resistant material than a decorative accent chair. Another vital factor to consider when choosing fabrics and upholstery is durability. It is imperative if you have kids or pets or if the furniture will be used frequently. Look for sturdy materials, resistant to wear and tear and easy to clean. Synthetic fabrics like polyester and nylon are often a good choice for durability, leather, and certain types of cotton. Consider the Martindale rub test rating, which measures a fabric’s resistance to abrasion. The higher the rating, the more durable the fabric. Regarding upholstery, look for pieces with sturdy frames and high-density foam cushions for added durability and comfort. Investing in durable fabrics and furniture will ensure that your space looks great and save you money in the long run by reducing the need for frequent repairs or replacements.

Natural Light

Consider the amount of natural light the space receives, affecting how colors and patterns appear. A great fabric or upholstery in a well-lit showroom may not look the same in a dimly-lit room. Another aspect to consider when choosing fabrics and upholstery is the amount of natural light in the space. Natural light can significantly impact the color and texture of fabrics and their overall appearance. If your space receives much natural light, consider using light-colored fabrics to reflect the light and create a bright, airy feel.

On the other hand, if your space is darker, you may want to use darker fabrics that will absorb the light and create a cozy, intimate feel. It’s also important to consider the direction your windows face, as this will affect the quality and intensity of the light. For example, if your windows face east, your space will receive more sunlight in the morning, while west-facing windows will provide more light in the afternoon and evening. By considering these factors, you can choose fabrics and upholstery to enhance your space’s natural light and create the desired atmosphere.


Selecting suitable fabrics and upholstery can make a significant difference in the look and feel of your space. When choosing materials, it’s essential to consider factors such as durability, color, pattern, and maintenance requirements. Simple furniture designs can allow the focus to remain on the upholstery and fabrics while also ensuring that the overall look remains modern and streamlined. Additionally, considering the amount of natural light in your space can help you choose fabrics to enhance the desired atmosphere. Considering these considerations, you can create a stylish, comfortable space that reflects your style and meets your functional needs.

By enrolling in home interior design schools online, you can receive structured training and guidance from experienced professionals and networking opportunities within the industry.



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