Do’s of Minimalist Design: Embracing Simplicity and Functionality

Think Interior
7 min readJun 15, 2023

Minimalist design is a popular interior design style known for its simplicity, clean lines, and emphasis on functionality. It embraces the concept of “less is more” and creates clutter-free, serene, and visually appealing spaces. If you want to incorporate minimalist design principles into your home or project, here are some essential do’s to remember.

You can learn about the do’s of minimalist design, including embracing simplicity and functionality, through an interior design academy.

Focus on Essential Elements

In minimalist design, it’s important to prioritize the essential elements and eliminate unnecessary clutter. Choose furniture, accessories, and decor items that serve a purpose and contribute to the overall functionality of the space. Each item should have a clear reason for being there and should enhance the minimalist aesthetic.

Identify the Purpose

Before adding any elements to the space, clearly define the room’s purpose. Determine what activities will occur in the space and prioritize those essential elements to support those activities. It will help you make informed decisions about what to include and eliminate.

Edit and Simplify

Take a critical look at the space and remove any items or decor that are not contributing to the overall functionality or aesthetic. Minimalist design is about eliminating excess and keeping what is necessary. Consider the principle of “one in, one out” — for every new item you introduce, remove one to maintain a sense of simplicity.

Quality Over Quantity

Instead of filling the space with numerous items, focus on selecting high-quality pieces with both functional and aesthetic value. Choose furniture, accessories, and decor items that are well-crafted, durable, and timeless. Investing in quality pieces ensures longevity and reduces the need for constant replacements.

Simplify the Color Palette

A minimalist color palette typically consists of neutral tones such as whites, grays, and earthy hues. Limit the number of colors used in the space to maintain a sense of simplicity and harmony. Consider using different shades and textures of the same color to add depth and visual interest without overwhelming the space.

Neutral Colors

Start by incorporating a neutral color palette as the foundation of your design. Shades of white, beige, gray, and taupe can create a calming and timeless backdrop. These neutral tones serve as a blank canvas that allows other elements in the space to stand out.

Monochromatic Schemes

Consider using a monochromatic color scheme, which involves using different shades and tones of a solo color. It creates a harmonious and unified look while still adding depth and interest. For example, you can use shades of gray or beige to create a subtle variation within the space.

Accents of Color

While minimalism tends to focus on a restrained color palette, you can incorporate pops of color strategically to add visual interest. Please select one or two accent colors that complement the neutral tones and use them sparingly throughout the space. It could be through artwork, cushions, or small decor items. Keep the accents minimal to maintain overall simplicity.

Clean Lines and Shapes

Embrace clean lines and simple geometric shapes in your furniture and architectural elements. Avoid ornate details and excessive embellishments. The focus should be on creating a sense of calm and visual order. Incorporate furniture with sleek profiles, straight edges, and minimalistic designs.

Straight Lines

Emphasize straight lines in your furniture, architectural elements, and overall design scheme. It includes straight edges, sharp corners, and linear forms. Avoid ornate or decorative details that can disrupt the clean and streamlined aesthetic.

Geometric Shapes

Incorporate geometric shapes such as squares, rectangles, circles, and triangles in your design elements. These shapes bring a sense of order and structure to the space. Use them in furniture, lighting fixtures, artwork, and accessories. Balance different shapes to create visual interest and maintain a cohesive look.

Minimal Ornamentation

Keep ornamentation to a minimum, or eliminate it. Focus on the simplicity and purity of the form. Avoid excessive detailing, intricate patterns, or elaborate decorations that can distract from the clean lines and shapes. Instead, let the fundamental design elements shine.

Declutter and Organize

One of the key principles of minimalist design is decluttering and organizing the space. Clear out unnecessary items, eliminate visual distractions, and create a sense of openness. Use storage solutions to keep items out of sight and maintain a clean and uncluttered environment. Minimalist design thrives on simplicity and tidiness.

Purge Unnecessary Items

Start by decluttering your space and removing items that are no longer needed or serve a purpose. Be ruthless in decision-making and let go of items that only contribute to visual clutter. Keep what you truly need and love.

Clear Countertops and Surfaces

Minimize the number of items on your countertops and surfaces. Store away appliances, utensils, and other everyday items that are not in use. Create designated storage areas for frequently used items to keep them easily accessible but out of sight.

Functional Storage Solutions

Invest in functional storage solutions that help you keep your space organized and clutter-free. Opt for storage furniture with clean lines and ample compartments. Consider built-in storage options that maximize space utilization and help maintain a minimalist aesthetic.

Maximize Natural Light

Natural light is a vital element in minimalist design. It enhances the sense of openness and creates a warm and inviting atmosphere. Opt for large windows, skylights, and light-colored window treatments that allow the usual light to flood the space. Keep window areas free from heavy curtains or blinds to maximize light flow.

Window Treatments

Opt for light and sheer window treatments allowing natural light to penetrate the room. Avoid heavy curtains or dark blinds that block sunlight. Instead, choose translucent or light-colored curtains, shades, or blinds that provide privacy while allowing ample light to filter through.

Clear Window Areas

Keep windows unobstructed to maximize the entry of natural light. Avoid placing large furniture or objects in front of windows that can block light. Arrange furniture to maintain an open pathway for light to flow into the space.

Reflective Surfaces

Incorporate reflective surfaces into your minimalist design to bounce natural light around the room. Mirrors, glass tabletops, and shiny metallic accents help amplify the brightness and create a sense of spaciousness.

Quality Over Quantity

In minimalist design, it’s crucial to prioritize quality over quantity. Invest in well-crafted, durable, and timeless furniture and decor that will rise to the test of time. Each item should be carefully chosen for its functionality, aesthetics, and longevity. Quality materials and craftsmanship are essential to creating a sophisticated, lasting, minimalist design.

Invest in High-Quality Pieces

Choose furniture, fixtures, and accessories that are well-crafted and made from durable materials. Look for pieces that have clean lines and timeless designs. Investing in quality items ensures longevity and reduces the need for constant replacement.

Edit and Declutter

Practice decluttering regularly to maintain a minimalist environment. Focus on keeping only the essential items that bring value and functionality to your space. Avoid accumulating unnecessary objects or cluttering surfaces with too many decorative items.

Choose Functional Pieces

Opt for furniture and accessories that serve a purpose and offer practicality. Consider multifunctional pieces that can serve multiple roles to maximize functionality and minimize the need for excess furniture.

Negative Space

Embrace the concept of negative space, also known as “empty” or “breathing” space, in your design. Negative space helps to create a sense of balance and allows the eye to rest. It also highlights the key elements of the space and enhances their visual impact. Use empty walls, open floor areas, and minimalist arrangements to maximize negative space.

Enhances Visual Balance

Negative space helps create visual balance and harmony in a design. Allowing areas of emptiness contrasts the objects or elements in the space, making them stand out and be more visually appealing. It prevents the design from feeling cluttered or overwhelming.

Defines and Separates Elements

Negative space can act as a visual separator, helping to define and distinguish different elements in a design. It provides clarity and allows each element to be recognized and appreciated individually. It can create boundaries between objects or sections, adding structure and organization to the design.

Thoughtful Material Selection

When selecting materials for a minimalist design, opt for natural and durable materials such as wood, stone, glass, and metal. These materials contribute to the aesthetic appeal and align with the minimalist focus on simplicity and functionality. Choose materials with clean finishes and textures that complement the overall design.

Quality and Durability

Choose high-quality resources that are built to last. Opt for durable options that can withstand daily use and maintain their appearance over time. Look for materials with a reputation for longevity and resistance to wear and tear.

Simplicity in Texture

Opt for materials with a minimalist texture. Smooth and sleek surfaces with minimal texture or grain patterns work well in achieving a clean and uncluttered look. Avoid materials with excessive texture or intricate patterns that distract from the minimalist aesthetic.


By embracing these dos of In minimalist design, you can create visually stunning, serene, and highly functional spaces. Remember, minimalist design is not about sacrificing comfort or style but rather about simplifying and refining the design to its essential elements.

Collages with interior design courses often cover various design styles, including minimalism, and provide in-depth knowledge and practical skills to help you understand and implement minimalist design principles in your projects.



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