Color Palette Selection In Interior Design — Learn The Basics

Think Interior
7 min readJan 14, 2023

Color palette selection is an essential aspect of interior design as it greatly influences a space’s overall feel and atmosphere. The right color palette can create a cohesive and harmonious look, while the wrong palette can make a space feel uninvited.

When selecting a color palette, it’s essential to consider the overall style and aesthetic of the space, the natural light, the psychological effects of color, and the balance of colors. Additionally, it’s also essential to consider the use of color schemes, the personal taste of the occupants, and the sustainability aspect.

You can learn color palette selection through classes to take for interior design. Color palette selection is a critical skill in interior design, allowing you to create beautiful, cohesive designs that reflect your style.

In this article, we will discuss the various elements that go into color palette selection in interior design and how to use them to create a cohesive and harmonious space that reflects the personal style of the occupants and makes them feel comfortable and happy. We will also explore how to incorporate color palette selection into different types of interior design, from traditional to contemporary, and how to use color to create different moods and atmospheres.

Consider Overall Style and Aesthetic

When selecting a color palette, it’s essential to consider the overall style and aesthetic of the space. Color palette selection is a complex process that requires careful consideration of various elements. Still, you can create a beautiful and functional space with the right approach. Whether starting from scratch or updating an existing room, the right color palette can make all the difference in your home’s overall look and feel. For example, a traditional space may benefit from a more neutral color palette, while a contemporary space may benefit from bolder, more vibrant colors.

Consider Natural Light In The Space

It’s also important to consider the natural light in the space, as specific colors can appear differently in different lighting conditions. Colors that look great in natural light may appear washed out or dull under artificial light, so it’s essential to test out colors in the space before making a final decision.

Consider the Psychological Effects Of Color

Another critical aspect to consider is the psychological effects of color. Different colors can evoke other emotions; for example, blue can create a sense of calm and tranquility, yellow can create a sense of cheerfulness and warmth, and black can create a sense of elegance and sophistication.

Consider the Balance of Color

When creating a color palette, it’s essential to consider the balance of colors. This can include selecting a dominant color, an accent color, and a neutral color. The dominant color will be the primary color of the space and will be used in the most significant quantities. In contrast, the accent color will bring visual interest and contrast, and the neutral color will balance the color scheme and provide a backdrop for the other colors.

Consider Color Schemes

Another aspect to consider when selecting a color palette is color schemes. A color scheme is a mixture of colors used in a specific design. Typical color schemes include complementary, analogous, and monochromatic.

· Complementary color schemes

Complementary color schemes use colors opposed to each other on the color wheel, such as blue and orange or purple and yellow. These color schemes create high contrast and can be very striking, but they must also be used with care, as too much difference can be overwhelming.

· Analogous color schemes

Analogous color schemes use colors next to each other on the color wheel, such as blue, blue-green, and green. These color schemes create a harmonious and balanced look and are often used to make sense of calm and tranquility in a space.

· Monochromatic color schemes

Monochromatic color schemes use variations of the same color, such as different shades of blue. These color schemes create a cohesive and sophisticated look and can also create a sense of calm and tranquility.

Consider Pantone’s Color of the Year

Another approach is to use Pantone’s Color of the Year as inspiration; it’s an annual selection of a color that reflects the current cultural and social trends.

Consider Space’s Overall Style

It’s also important to consider the space’s overall style when selecting a color palette. For example, a minimalist space may benefit from a monochromatic color scheme. In contrast, a bohemian space may benefit from a more eclectic color palette with a mix of different colors and patterns.

Consider the Personal Taste Of The Occupants

In addition, it’s also essential to consider the personal taste of the occupants, as they will be the ones living in the space. It’s vital to create a space that reflects their personality and makes them feel comfortable and happy.

Use Of Textures and Patterns

Another way to consider color palette selection is through textures and patterns. Combining different textures and patterns can add depth and interest to a space. This can include pairing a solid-colored couch with a patterned throw pillow or a textured rug. You can use textures and patterns to create a sense of movement and flow in a space, such as by using patterned wallpaper on one wall to draw the eye and guide the activity through the space.

Consider the Overall Scale of Space

It’s also important to consider the overall scale of space when selecting a color palette. For example, in a small area, a lighter color palette can make the space feel larger and more open, while in an ample space, a darker color palette can make the space feel more intimate and cozy.

Consider Architectural Elements of the Space

It’s essential to consider the color palette concerning the architectural elements of the space. For example, a space with many natural wood elements may benefit from a color palette that complements the natural wood tones. In contrast, an area with many concrete or metal elements may benefit from a contrasting color palette.

Sustainability Aspect of Color Palette

It’s also important to consider the sustainability aspect of color palette selection. This can include selecting paint and other finishes that are low or no VOCs (volatile organic compounds), which can help to improve indoor air quality and reduce environmental impact.

Using Focal Points

Another critical aspect to consider when selecting a color palette is using focal points. Focal points are areas or elements within a space that draw the eye and create visual interest. These can include a statement piece of furniture, a large artwork, or an architectural feature such as a fireplace. You can accentuate focal points by using a contrasting color or a bold pattern to make them stand out.

Consider Existing Elements in the Space

It’s also important to consider the color palette concerning the existing elements in the space, such as flooring and cabinetry. For example, if you have a dark hardwood floor, it may be beneficial to use a lighter color palette on the walls to create contrast and balance. Similarly, if you have a lot of dark cabinetry, it may be beneficial to use a lighter color palette on the countertops and backsplash to create contrast and balance.

Consider Plants and Flowers

Another way to incorporate color into a space is through plants and flowers. Not only do they add natural beauty, but they also bring life and color to an area. When selecting plants and flowers, it’s essential to consider the space’s natural light and overall color palette.

Consider Textiles

Another way to incorporate color into a space is through textiles, such as throw pillows, blankets, and curtains. These elements can add color and pattern to a space in a subtle way and can easily be swapped out or changed to update the look of a space.

Consider the Purpose of the Space

It’s also important to consider the color palette concerning the purpose of the space. For example, a bedroom may benefit from a calming color palette to promote relaxation, while a home office may benefit from a more energizing color palette to encourage productivity.

Use of Accent Walls

Another way to consider color palette selection is through accent walls. Accent walls are an excessive technique to add color to a space without overwhelming it. You can use them to create a focal point, define an area, or add visual interest. When selecting a color for an accent wall, it’s essential to consider the overall color palette of the site and choose a color that complements or contrasts with the other colors in the space.

Conclusion

In conclusion, color palette selection is a complex process that involves considering the overall style and aesthetic of the space, the natural light, the psychological effects of color, the balance of colors, the use of color schemes, and the personal taste of the occupants. By considering all of these factors, you can create a cohesive and harmonious space that reflects the unique style of the occupants and makes them feel comfortable and happy.

It’s important to remember that color palette selection doesn’t have to be permanent. You can always change it and experiment with different color schemes.

It’s also important to remember that color palette selection is personal, and you should choose colors that make you feel good and reflect your unique style. Also, it’s essential to remember that color can change the space’s mood, so it is crucial to choose the right colors to create the atmosphere you desire. Don’t forget that an excellent interior design course will teach you how to choose the right colors for any space, when to use neutral and bold colors, and how to create a color palette that works together.

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